Stroke Risk in Women: How Can We Lower It?

By Melissa Kluczynski, MS


The month of May is dedicated to National Stroke Awareness. Women face a higher risk for stroke than men, and stroke is the number four cause of death in women. And among women, black women have the highest prevalence of stroke. As many as 1 in 5 women in the U.S. will have a stroke each year, but the good news is that 4 in 5 strokes are preventable.


So what is a Stroke? A stroke is when blood flow to an area of the brain is blocked or when a blood vessel in the brain bursts. A stroke is a medical emergency and requires immediate treatment. Delaying treatment increases the risk for permanent brain damage or death.


What are the Signs of a Stroke? Use the acronym, FAST, to help you remember the signs of a stroke: Face dropping, Arm weakness, Speech difficulty, and Time to call 9-1-1.

What are the Risk Factors for Stroke in Women?

  • Hypertension (main risk factor)

  • Increased age

  • Depression

  • Pregnancy

  • History of preeclampsia (or high blood pressure during pregnancy)

  • Taking birth control pills (especially among women with high blood pressure)

  • Using hormone replacement therapy

  • Migraines with aura and smoke

  • Atrial fibrillation (or an irregular heartbeat)

Why are Black Women at Increased Risk for Stroke? Black women have higher rates of hypertension, obesity and diabetes compared to white women, all of which might contribute to a higher risk of stroke. Also Sickle Cell Disease (a common genetic disease in African Americans) and smoking may contribute to a higher risk of stroke among black women.


How Can Strokes be Prevented?

  • Know the ABCs of heart and brain health:

  • Aspirin may reduce the risk of a stroke but it is important to consult with a physician before starting any medication

  • Blood pressure- control your blood pressure with healthy lifestyle changes and blood pressure medications if needed

  • Cholesterol- manage your cholesterol with healthy lifestyle changes and cholesterol-lowering medications if needed

  • Smoking- do not start smoking and if you do smoke, learn how to quit

  • Make healthy lifestyle changes:

  • Eat healthy by limiting your salt intake and increasing the number of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains that you consume

  • Exercise regularly to maintain a healthy weight and keep your heart and blood vessels healthy

  • Get at least 7 hours of sleep each night

  • Reduce stress through calming activities like meditation and journaling

  • Consult with your healthcare provider to determine your risk for stroke and how to get other health conditions, such as diabetes, under control

 

Sources:


American Heart Association. Risk of Stroke in Women Infographic. Accessed May 2, 2022.

https://www.goredforwomen.org/en/know-your-risk/risk-factors/risk-of-stroke-in-women-infographic


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Women and Stroke.Last reviewed April 5, 2022. Accessed May 2, 2022. https://www.cdc.gov/stroke/women.htm


Image : https://www.cdc.gov/stroke/women.htm

 

Melissa Kluczynski holds a Master of Science degree in Epidemiology from the University at Buffalo and she is currently working as a Research Associate in the Department of Cancer Prevention and Control at Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center in Buffalo, NY. Her research interests include chronic disease prevention and women's health.




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